Friday, 22 May 2015

INDIAN NAVY :A TRUE BLUE WATER NAVY(part 1)

                           India has a very large coastline compared to its rival nations.India is surrounded by  Indian ocean and pacific ocean.Most of the world trade is through sea out of  more than 70% is through Indian ocean, thus making Indian ocean very important compared to other sea routes.To secure Indian interest in Indian ocean region, (IOR) Indian navy must be upgraded to a true blue water navy.
                        

            Existing fleet of Indian Navy:


AIRCRAFT CARRIERS:

              currently Indian navy operating two aircraft carrier  ins Virat and ins Vikramaditya

INS VIRAT:

                 Ins virat is a British aircraft carrier currently being used by the Indian navy.Its construction was completed in 1959 for the British Royal Navy, in 1987 it was transferred to the Indian navy.According to the news, it is due to be decommissioned by the end of 2016.it can carry 28 sea harrier short take-off vertical landing aircraft for air defence and anti-ship mission.she carries ka 31 for early warning and sea king for ASW (anti-submarine warfare) operations.


displacement: 28700 Tons at full load
length :227m
beam:48.7m
drought:8.8m
speed:28 knots
Range: 10500 km at 14 knots
weapons:16 cell Barak 1 launcher
                2*40mm Bofors anti-aircraft guns
                2*Ak 230 CIWS

INS Vikramaditya:

                Ins Vikramaditya was a kiev class cruiser of Russian  Navy that was purchased by IN in 2004  and delivered to  Indian navy in 2013 at total cost of 2.35 billion $ after a major refit and delays.she was inducted by prime minister  Narendra Modi in 2014.She carries a newly developed version of Mig 29K. she can carry 30 of Mig 29K and 6 Kamov helicopters for AEW and ASW.
she is an SATOBAR ( short take-off but arrested recovery) aircraft carrier and capable of operating the MIG 29k , Naval Tejas and future Indian navy aircraft.
Displacement:45500 tons loaded 
Length: 283.5m
Beam: 60m
Draught:10.2m
Speed: 32 knots
Range: 25000 km at 18 knots 
Propulsion: conventional 
armament: 4* AK 630 CIWS
                   Barak 1
                    Barak 8 MRSAM

DESTROYER: Indian navy currently operating three type of destroyers

KOLKATA CLASS: -


Kolkata class is improved Delhi class destroyer having the same hull as the Delhi class but has a different superstructure.Kolkata class has superior stealthy design and best sensors and weapons available compared to any warship of Indian navy.
           Kolkata class is designed to escort the carrier battle group of Indian navy.Its main radar is elta mf star .MF star is multifunction active electronically scan array radar operating in  S-band spectrum.
it can track hundreds of targets and guide multiple Barak 8 missiles .it can track aircraft beyond 250 km and sea skimming cruise missiles at a distance greater than 25 kms. Barak 8 missile has a min range of 500ms to maximum 70 km. she carries 32 cells of vls of Barak 8 although barak 8 is capable, but the number of vls is not adequate. Kolkata class can be easily outnumbered in a saturated air attack. Barak 8 is designed to take on supersonic aShm like bBrahmosand highly manoeuvrable. Kolkata class has 16 cells Brahmosh missile for anti ship and  anti surface warfare. Brahmosh is the world most deadly anti ship missile with a speed of 2.8 mach and range more than 300 kms. For point defence,  she carries 4  AK 630 close in weapon system. she also has stealth mounted 76 mm super rapid gun from oto marela which can provide anti ship and limited anti air support. For anti sub warfare she has 2 twin cell torpedo launchers from L&T .Her hanger can accommodate two helicopters .Although kolkata class has impressive weapon but she is not armed and have a lot of space is available for future upgrades.
    displacement : 7200 tons
    length:
    draught:
    Range: 15000 km at 18 knots  
three Kolkata class ships are on order out of three two are completed and one is undergoing construction , ins kochi is under sea trails and ins kolkata is already commissioned.             

    DELHI CLASS :-       
                  

  1. INS Delhi is the lead ship of her class of guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was built at the Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai and commissioned on 15 November 1997.
  2. Construction startedDecember 12, 1992
  3. , L,launchedMarch 20, 1995
  4. length163 m
  5. Draft6.50 three
  6. of the Delhi class is inducted and are operational.

  7. RAJPUT CLASS: - The Rajput-class guided-missile destroyers built for the Indian Navy are modified versions of Soviet Kashin-class destroyers. They are also known as Kashin-II class. The ships were built in the former Soviet Union after considerable Indian design modifications to the Kashin design. These included the replacement of the helicopter pad in the original design with a flight elevator, as well as major changes to the electronics and combat systems. Five units were built for export to India in the 1980s. All units are currently attached to the Eastern Naval Command.

  8. Displacement:5000 tons full load length :147 mmdrought:
  9. 5m
beam : 16 m
armament :
8 anti ship missiles it may be brahmos or SSN styx system after upgrade every ship of this class has different weaponry .
rajput class has two sam launchers.her class consist two twin torpedo launchers ,two RBU 6000 anti sub rocket launchers .she has also a hanger which can operate Ka 28 helicopters.

FRIGATES:==-

SHIVALIK CLASS: -
Shivalik class frigates of Indian navy are the most heavily armed warship of Indian navy after Kolkata  class and are the backbone of the Indian Navy.she is  first indigenous warship designed with stealth features. Shivalik  class designing, successful production and induction into Indian navy demonstrate the capability of Indian shipyards.three  frigates of this class have been produced so far by Mazagon dock shipyards by 2012.  
Shivalik class are powered by diesel engines and gas turbines in CODOG (combined diesel or gas)   configuration  providing the long range and high speed.
Specifications:                                                                                        
Displacement:  6800 tons
Length:145 m
          Beam:  16.9 m
             Draught: 4.52 m 
Armament:    32 cell Barak 1 SAM for point defence 
                 24 sthil -1 medium range SAM
                                         8 vls launcher for klub or Brahmos missile
 1 OTO Breda 76 mm 
     2* AK 630 CIWS 
                                                 2*RBU 6000 anti-submarine rocket launcher 
Sensors:  HUMSA NG so
                                   ATAS towed array sonar 
                 el/m 2238
                                                                                BEL Sinatra                                                                                                                                  
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